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高考英语真题及解析2017

来源:食平d菜谱   时间: 2019-03-16

  高考复习是很枯燥,如果你能坚持努力到最后,你的高考成绩就不会太差。祝高考成功!下面是学习啦小编为大家推荐的高考英语真题2017,仅供大家参考!

  第一卷(选择题,三部分,共80分)

  第一部分:听力理解(共两节,20小题,每题1分,满分20分)

  第一节

  听下面的5段对话。每段对话后都有一个小题,从题中所给的A.B.C.三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.What is the weather like?

  A. Sunny. B. Hot. C. Cold.

  2. What will Jack probably do?

  A. Visit Bill. B. Play tennis. C. Go swimming.

  3. Who is the woman?

  A. Robert’s teacher. B. Robert’s boss. C. Robert’s mother.

  4. What does the woman mean?

  A. Beijing is better than Washington D.C.

  B. She prefers to live in Washington D.C.

  C. The two cities have a lot in common.

  5. Why could the woman finish the work on time?

  A. She worked very hard. B. The man helped her. C. Joan helped her.

  第二节

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  请听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。

  6. What is the relationship between the two speakers?

  A. Husband and wife. B. Boss and secretary. C. Friends.

  7. What is the woman going to do?

  A. Attend classes. B. Go shopping. C. Have lunch.

  8. How long does the woman stay at the college every day?

  A. 9 hours. B. 7 hours. C. 5 hours.

  听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。

  9.Where did the man find the earring?

  A.In the park.. B.In the garden. C.In the yard.

  10.Whom did the earring belong to?

  A.The woman. B.The man’s mother. C.The woman’s mother.

  11.For how long are the earrings missing?

  A.13 years B.30 years C.33 years

  听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。

  12.Why did the man’s parents move to Miami?

  A.It is a good place to be on holiday.

  B.It is a perfect place to do business.

  C.The houses there are cheap.

  13.What do the man’s parents do every evening?

  A.They swim.

  B.They take a walk.

  C.They lie down on the beach.

  14.What is the weather like in Miami?

  A.It never rains. B.It’s always cloudy. C.It’s not always sunny.

  听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。

  15. Where did the man leave his coat?

  A. On a train. B. On a bus. C. In a car.

  16. What color is the man’s coat?

  A. Grey. B. Black. C. White.

  17. Where does the conversation take place?

  A. In a hotel. B. At a Lost & Found. C. In a shop.

  听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

  18. How did Europeans know the exact time in the late 1700s?

  A. By looking at clocks at home.

  B. By looking at clocks in factories.

  C. By looking at clocks in public places.

  19. What happened as a result of the industrial development?

  A. The quality of watches was improved.

  B. More types of watches were available.

  C. Many more watches were produced.

  20. What is this lecture mainly about?

  A. The development of watches and clocks.

  B. The functions of watches and clocks.

  C. The importance of watches and clocks

  第二部分:英语知识综合运用(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节:单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  21. He is so shy a man that he isn’t good at _____ his ideas _____ to others.

  A. taking...over B. passing...on C. getting... across D. putting...forward

  22. I’m here to give you a lesson in place of your teacher, who has unluckily _____ a bad cold.

  A. come up with B. come down to

  C. come down with D. come up against

  23. The system has been meant to give students quick and easy _____ to the digital resources of the library.

  A. access B. passage C. way D. approach

  24. At the foot of the mountain _____ a family, _____ members make a living by raising cattle and sheep.

  A. lives, where B. lives, whose C. live, where D. live, whose

  25. In order for the Chinese dream _____ in the near future, we must speed up the pace of reform and opening up.

  A. being realized B. to realize C. realizing D. to be realized

  26. As a result of the recent terrible fire in a chemical plant in Jingjiang, the 大理学院附属医院癫痫科怎么样water supply there has been cut off temporarily because one of the main pipes _____.

  A. is repairing B. has been repaired C. is being repaired D. has been repairing

  27. His uncle, a famous professor, is said _____ his teaching career in Australia before he worked in Beijing University for over 20 years.

  A. to start B. to have started C. to be starting D. to have been starting

  28. This is the second time that you _____ the same mistakes. In my opinion, it’s high time that you _____ on yourself.

  A. have made, reflect B. made, reflected C. have made, reflected D. made, reflect

  29. According to our school rule, all the students _____ attend the assembly every Monday morning wearing school uniforms.

  A. shall B. may C. need D. might

  30. The most exciting thing for him was _____ he finally found the lost diamond ring in _____ used to be a servant’s room.

  A. that; that B. what; what C. what; that D. that; what

  31. _____ and short of breath, they finally reached the finishing line at 2016 Yangzhou Jianzhen International Half Marathon.

  A. To be tired B. Tiring C. Tired D. Being tired

  32. —I had to go to work by taxi yesterday afternoon because my car broke down.

  —Why didn’t you tell me? You _____ mine. I wasn’t using it.

  A. can borrow B. could borrow C. would have borrowed D. could have borrowed

  33. With your help, there is no doubt _____ our plan is meant for will work out successfully.

  A. what that B. whether that C. that whether D. that what

  34. I’d appreciate _____ if you could keep me informed while I’m away on business.

  A. it B. this C. that D. you

  35. —How do you find the concert in the Grand Theater last night?

  —_____. But the conductor was perfect.

  A. I couldn’t agree more B. I was crazy about it

  C. I don’t think much of it D. I really like it

  第二节:完型填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  I stole your dog today. No, I didn't set a foot on your house, but from the condition of your dog, I can imagine what it looks like... The word “rubbish” comes to mind.

  I found her along a road, with a heavy 36 wrapped around her neck, still 37 rotten (腐烂的) boards from her doghouse. Not only did I know that most of the town people had already ignored her, 38 the place where I found her, but I knew that if she had gotten into the woods, the “cross” that she 39 behind her would have wrapped itself around a tree 40 starvation or thirst killed her.

  She leads a(n) 41 life now. Her eyes sparkle and she has learned to wag her tail in greeting. She has stopped flinching( 畏缩 )when I make a sudden 42 , as she knows now that I won' t beat her. In fact, she 43 leaves my side. She's even become brave enough to bark at a cat and today I looked out of the window as she 44 to play with other dogs. Now, it’s clear that she does not 45 you or her former life on a chain.

  It' s not clear yet whether she'll 46 here or whether I'll find her a loving home where she can 47 more individual attention than I can give her, but one thing is certain, this is a bit of stolen “property” which is never returning to you. So 48 me, plead with the court that she is rightfully yours... I' m convinced that this is the 49 “ crime” (罪行) I've ever committed. Hardly anything has delighted me more than the day when I stole your dog. If we have one special day to celebrate together, it is the day I stole your dog and the day she stole my 50 .

  36. A. stone B. chain C. rope D. scarf

  37. A. hung on B. packed with C. stuck in D. attached to

  38. A. judging from B. dealing with C. responding to D. resulting from

  39. A. pushed B. dragged C. left D. pressed

  40. A. unless B. until C. once D. while

  41. A. unique B. unfair C. happy D. bitter

  42. A. statement B. treatment C. comment D. movement

  43. A sometimes B. always C. rarely D. frequently

  44. A. attempted B. appealed C. applied D. hesitated

  45. A. curse B. forget C. miss D. recognize

  46. A. remain B. move C. like D. hate

  47. A. figure out B. fall for C. wish for D. think over

  48. A. forgive B. defeat C. consult D. accuse

  49. A. worst B. last C. be信阳市癫痫病专科医院哪家好st D. securest

  50. A. innocence B. fame C. status D. heart

  第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题,每小题2分, 满分30分)

  阅读下面4篇短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  We are constantly bombarded(轰炸)with visions of how we are not good enough or how we need to improve ourselves. And it’s not only external things that cause us to have such low self-esteems and feel bad about ourselves either, but your negative inner thought reflects your way of being real with yourself. Little things like: I’ll never get it done; I don’t deserve that; I could never wear that; and I’m not smart enough. Instead of focusing on and telling yourself what you can’t do, try focusing on what you can do.

  Here are a few ideas worth trying to build yourself up and fall in love with yourself all over again.

  Focus on your strengths. We all have strengths and luckily they are not all the same. Do things you are naturally good at and enjoy and you will build self-confidence, efficiency and pride.

  Be proud of your accomplishments. No matter how big or seemingly small your accomplishments are, you should be very proud of each and every one of them. Whether it’s completing high school, university, starting your own company, having kids and raising a family, completing a project that’s hanging around for far too long, be proud. Celebrate the small and large accomplishments and everything in between.

  Share your talent. If you’ve got a talent, share it with the world. If you can write – write, if you can dance – dance, if you can organize …well you get the picture. Believe it or not there are people out there who could benefit greatly from you sharing your talent. Ever notice how giving to others makes you feel so incredible(难以置信)about yourself?

  ▲ . Guilt is a weird thing. All guilt does is hold us in the past reliving (重温)something we wish we could change. Not going to happen I’m afraid. Forgetting is a choice.The past is the past—I know you’ve heard this before but the more you hear it the more you may start to believe it.

  51. Which of the following is most suitable for “ ▲ ” in the last paragraph?

  A. Delight yourself. B. Believe in yourself. C. Blame yourself. D. Forgive yourself.

  52. The underlined phrase “hanging around” (Paragraph 4) can be replaced by _____.

  A.put up B. put down C. put off D. put away

  53. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

  A. Focus on what you are capable of rather than what you are not.

  B. Take pride in your achievements however big or seemingly small they are.

  C. Share your talent for it helps to improve yourself.

  D. Don’t feel guilty about your past.

  B

  An apprenticeship is a form of on-the-job training that combines workplace experience and classroom learning. It can last anywhere from one to six years, but four years is typical for most. An apprentice spends most of the time in a workplace environment learning the practical skills of a career from a journeyman—someone who has done the job for many years. The rest of the apprentice's time is spent in a classroom environment learning the theoretical(理论的)skills the career requires. Being an apprentice is a full-time undertaking.

  One of the advantages of apprenticeship is that it does not cost apprentices anything. The companies that hire them pay for school. What's more, it offers apprentices an “earn while you learn” opportunity. They usually start out at half the pay of a journeyman, and the pay increases gradually as they move further along in the job and studies. Near the end of the apprenticeship, their wages are usually 90 percent of what a journeyman would receive. Apprenticeship also pays off for employers. It can offer employers a pool of well-trained workers to draw from.

  Despite the advantages, apprentices are usually required to work during the day and attend classes at night, which leaves little time for anything else. Sometimes, they might be laid off if business for the employers is slow.

  Once they have completed the apprenticeship and become journeymen, they receive a nationally recognized and portable certification and their pay also increases again. Some journeymen continue employment with the companies they apprenticed with; others go onto different companies or become self-employed contractors.

  54. How different is an apprentice淄博癫痫病小发作治疗 from a journeyman?

  A. An apprentice has more theoretical skills.

  B. An apprentice has less practical experience.

  C. An apprentice needn’t pay for school.

  D. An apprentice owns a nationally recognized certification.

  55. Which of the following is NOT the advantage of apprenticeship?

  A. It saves lots of money for apprentices to learn the skills.

  B. It brings apprentices some earnings before they get a job.

  C. It allows apprentices to earn the same wages as journeymen.

  D. It helps employers take on more qualified workers.

  56. What can we infer about the apprenticeship?

  A. Most apprentices feel greatly comfortable with their work and life.

  B. Most journeymen tend to leave the companies they apprenticed with.

  C. Apprentices can finally get a pay increase from the journeymen.

  D. Some apprentices may come to the attention of employers during their apprenticeship.

  57. What is the tone of the writer in this passage?

  A. Positive. B. Negative. C. Objective. D. Argumentative.

  C

  If two scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are correct, people will still be driving gasoline powered cars 50 years from now, giving out heat-trapping carbon dioxide(二氧化碳)into the atmosphere—and yet that carbon dioxide will not contribute to global warming.

  In a proposal by two scientists, vehicle emissions (排放) would no longer contribute to global warming. The scientists, F. Jeffrey Martin and William L. Kubic Jr., are proposing a concept, which they have named Green Freedom, for removing carbon dioxide from the air and turning it back into gasoline.

  The idea is simple. Air would be blown over a liquid solution of potassium carbonate, which would absorb the carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide would then be put to chemical reactions that would turn it into fuel(燃料): gasoline or jet fuel.

  This process could change carbon dioxide from an unwanted, climate-changing pollutant into a vast resource for renewable fuels. The cycle—equal amounts of carbon dioxide produced and removed—would mean that cars, trucks and airplanes using the synthetic (合成的) fuels would no longer be contributing to global warming.

  Although they have not yet built a synthetic fuel factory, or even a small model, the scientists say it is all based on existing technology. “Everything in the concept has been built, is operating or has a close cousin that is operating.” Dr. Martin said.

  The Los Alamos proposal does not go against any laws of physics, and other scientists who have independently suggested similar ideas. Dr. Martin said he and Dr. Kubic had worked out their concept in more detail than former proposals.

  There is, however, a major fact that explains why no one has built a carbon-dioxide-to-gasoline factory: it requires a great deal of energy.

  According to their analysis, their concept, which would cost about $5 billion to build, could produce gasoline at an operating cost of $1.40 a gallon and would turn economically practical when the price at the pump hits $4.60 a gallon.

  Other scientists said the Los Alamos proposal perhaps looked promising but could not evaluate it fully because the details has not been published. “It's definitely worth pursuing,” said Martin I. Hoffert, a professor of physics at New York University. “It's not that new an idea. It has a couple of pieces to it that are interesting.”

  58. What is the concept of Green Freedom?

  A. Removing the emission of carbon dioxide.

  B. Reducing the carbon dioxide produced by car driving.

  C. Recycling the carbon dioxide into gasoline.

  D. Reserving the carbon dioxide for global warming.

  59. What is the value of the scientists’ proposal?

  A. It increases the productivity of a fuel factory.

  B. It decreases the cost of producing gasoline.

  C. It reduces the pollution caused by car driving.

  D. It promotes a new idea of environmental protection.

  60. The underlined part “has a close cousin that is operating” probably means the technology in the concept ______.

  A. has been popular for so long B. has been ignored by many people

  C. is not appropriate for practice D. will be put into practice in the near future

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  61. What is the biggest challenge in realizing the concept Green Freedom?

  A. There is no theoretical basis.

  B. It is not economically practical.

  C. There is no solution to some technical problems.

  D. Only a few scientists support the idea.

  D

  Every single one of you has something that you're good at. Every single one of you has something to offer. And you have a responsibility to yourself to discover what that is. That's the opportunity an education can provide.

  And no matter what you want to do with your life, I guarantee that you'll need an education to do it. You want to be a doctor, or a teacher, or a police officer? You want to be a nurse or an architect, a lawyer or a member of our military? You're going to need a good education for every single one of those careers. You cannot drop out of school and just drop into a good job. You've got to train for it and work for it and learn for it.

  And this isn't just important for your own life and your own future. What you make of your education will decide nothing less than the future of this country. The future of America depends on you. What you're learning in school today will determine whether we as a nation can meet our greatest challenges in the future.

  You'll need the insights and critical-thinking skills you gain in history and social studies to fight poverty and homelessness, crime and discrimination. You'll need the creativity and ingenuity you develop in all your classes to build new companies that will create new jobs and boost our economy.

  If you quit on school—you're not just quitting on yourself, you're quitting on your country.

  I get it. I know what it's like. My wife, our First Lady, has a similar story. Neither of her parents had gone to college, and they didn't have a lot of money. But they worked hard, and she worked hard, so that she could go to the best schools in this country.

  Where you are right now doesn't have to determine where you'll end up. No one's written your destiny for you, because you write your own destiny. You make your own future.

  That's what young people like you are doing every day, all across America.

  That's why today I'm calling on each of you to set your own goals for your education—and do everything you can to meet them.

  Whatever you resolve to do, I want you to commit to it. I want you to really work at it.

  The truth is, being successful is hard.

  No one's born being good at all things. You become good at things through hard work. You're not a varsity athlete the first time you play a new sport. You don't hit every note the first time you sing a song. You've got to practice. The same principle applies to your schoolwork. You might have to do a math problem a few times before you get it right. You might have to read something a few times before you understand it. You definitely have to do a few drafts of a paper before it's good enough to hand in.

  And even when you're struggling, even when you're discouraged, and you feel like other people have given up on you, don't ever give up on yourself, because when you give up on yourself, you give up on your country.

  62. Who most probably is the maker of this speech?

  A. Headmaster of a high school. B. President of the USA.

  C. General Secretary of the USA. D. Mayor of Washington.

  63. Where can we put the following sentence?

  “Of course I know it's not always easy to do well in school, and I know a lot of you have challenges in your lives right now that can make it hard to focus on your schoolwork.”

  A. Between paragraph 3 and paragraph 4

  B. Between paragraph 4 and paragraph 5

  C. Between paragraph 5 and paragraph 6

  D. Between paragraph 6 and paragraph 7

  64. Which of the following is mentioned by the speaker?

  A. Enthusiasm and peace.

  B. Devotion and Friendship.

  C. Civilization and effort.

  D. Responsibility and determination.

  65. What might be the main purpose of this speech?

  A. To inspire the youth to work hard in the new term.

  B. To offer congratulations on the arrival of a festival.

  C. To hold an anniversary celebration of an event.

  D. To express respect for and loyalty to the USA.

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